Monday 15 September 2014
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Some Norwegian Catholics

Writers, politicians, journalists, academics — Norway’s Catholics seem an intellectual bunch. The Church in Scandinavia is on a slow but steady ascendant, and it’s telling (of both the rise and fall of many) that there are now more seminarians studying for the priesthood for the Nordic countries than there are for all of Ireland.

As a Norwegian acquaintance of ours was ordained for the Diocese of Oslo within the past year, I thought a little jaunt through a handful or two of Norwegian Catholics might be interesting. There are some I would have liked to included — the conversion of the former Lutheran ecumenist Ola Tjørhom provoked controversy and Wilhelm Wedel-Jarlsberg preceded Christopher de Paus as a papal chamberlain — but there is only so much time and space and effort.

Of those mentioned here below, only Sigrid Undset has achieved worldwide fame. Her work Kristin Lavransdatter is an absolute must for any serious reader of literature and was recently re-translated into English by Penguin.

Janne Haaland Matláry
1957—
A politician, political scientist, and writer, Matláry was raised an agnostic but converted to Catholicism while a student. A Professor of International Politics at Oslo University, she also served as State Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1997 to 2000.

Matláry was originally a member of the Christian Democrats (KrF) but defected to Høyre when the KrF refused to rule out a coalition with the Labour party.

In addition to being a Dame of the Order of Malta, she serves on the Pontifical Council for Justice & Peace, is a member of the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences, and a consultor to the Pontifical Council for the Family. Her Magyar surname comes from her Hungarian husband. Her 2004 spiritual autobiography included a preface by Cardinal Ratzinger (later Pope Benedict XVI, of course).

Per Kværne
1945—
An art historian and Norway’s leading tibetologist, Kværne received his degree in Sanskrit from Oslo University in 1970 and lectured at Bergen University in history of religion from 1970 to 1975. From 1975 until 2007, he was Professor of the History of Religion at Oslo, where he is now Professor Emeritus.

He converted to Catholicism in 1998 and was ordained a priest of the Diocese of Oslo in 2010. In addition to his parish duties, Fr Kværne is Catholic chaplain to Oslo’s hospitals.

Bernt Oftestad
1942—
Appointed Professor of Church History at the Norwegian School of Theology in Oslo in 1983, he was made Professor of European Cultural History at the same school in 2005.

Dr Oftestad specialises in historiography, the Reformation, and modern church history. He was received into the Church in 2000, and continues as a Professor Emeritus.

Hans Fredrik Dahl
1939—
This historian, journalist, and scholar is best known for his English-language biography of Quisling. He was culture editor of Dagbladet from 1978-1985 and a Professor of the University of Oslo from 1988, focusing on media history, totalitarianism, and the Second World War.

Originally a Marxist and elected head of the Norwegian Students Society as a socialist, he converted to Catholicism in the 2000s.

Lars Roar Langslet
1936—
A politician for Høyre, the Conservative party, Langslet edited Minerva, the politics, culture, and current affairs journal of the Conservative Students Association of the Oslo universities from 1957-1968. He was chairman of the Norwegian Students Society in 1960. (Hans Fredrik Dahl, above, held the same office in 1963).

From 1969 until 1989 he served as a Member of Parliament for Oslo. He was made the first Minister of Culture and Science in 1981. The portfolio had previously been Culture, Education, and Church Affairs, but the ecclesial affairs of the state church were given to another minister owing to Langslet’s Catholicism. As Minister, he abolished the NRK monopoly on broadcasting in Norway by allowing local radio stations.

The author of many books, he served as President of the Norwegian Academy for Language and Literature from 1995 to 2011. The Danish Academy awarded him the Karen Blixen Prize (for foreign writers), which has only been awarded five times since instituted in 1984.

Per Bang
1922—2010
This journalist was born in Oslo and was a bookseller’s apprentice when Germany invaded Norway in 1940. He was imprisoned for a year in prison camps at Bredtveit and Grini.

Bang worked at the newspaper Jarlsberg from 1945 but was taken on by Dagens Næringsliv in 1946, remaining there until 2006. He was most famous for the unsigned column På nattbordet (“On the bedside table”) which looked into what individuals were reading. In addition to several works of fiction and non-fiction, he was DN‘s London correspondent from 1956 til 1974.

John Willem Gran
1920—2008
Willem Nicolaysen Gran was in Italy when his home country was invaded by Germany in 1940. Baptised a member of the (Lutheran) Church of Norway, he was for a long time an atheist who dabbled in Buddhism before converting to Catholicism in 1941 and being confirmed in St Peter’s Basilica in Rome.

Joining the Norwegian military, he served in London during the war and then Akershus Castle until his discharge in 1946, when he worked as an assistant director on the film Operation Swallow about the sabotage of the Vemork hydroelectric plant during the War.

In 1949 he became a Trappist at Caldey Island off Wales, taking the name of John. Ordained a priest in 1957, he served in the Roman office of the Trappists from 1960 to 1963, ordained as coadjutor-bishop of Oslo in 1963 and serving as Bishop of Oslo from 1964 until 1983. He was made a Commander of the Order of St Olav, and was the first Catholic bishop to be buried in Bergen since 1522.

Einar-Fredrik Ofstad
1916—1998
A Cambridge-educated diplomat, Ofstad fought in the Norwegian campaign of the war before obtaining his law degree in 1941.

Working in the Resistance, he served as a police superintendent in Bergen and worked in the National Insurance Administration before being forced to flee to Sweden in 1944, after which he continued with the London-based Norwegian High Command.

After the war he Ofstad began his diplomatic career, serving Norway in London, Chicago, Turkey, the Netherlands, West Germany, as well as in the Ministry in Oslo. He was the King of Norway’s Ambassador to West Germany from 1973 to 1977, and to Austria from 1977 to 1984.

A Knight of Malta, he was also made a Commander of the Order of St Olav and was awarded the Badge of Honour of the Norwegian Red Cross.

Sigrid Undset
1882—1949
Arguably the most important Norwegian Catholic of the post-Reformation era. Born in Denmark in 1882, her family moved to Norway when she was two.

Undset is most famous as the author of Kristin Lavransdatter, the trilogy of historical novels following the life of a fourteenth-century Norwegian woman. The final book in the trilogy was printed in 1922.

She converted to Catholicism in 1924 and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1928 “principally for her powerful descriptions of Nordic life during the Middle Ages.” She is the only Catholic to have been depicted on a Norwegian banknote.

Christopher Tostrup de Paus
1862—1943
A landowner and heir to the timber firm Tostrup & Mathiesen (now Mathiesen Eidsvold Værk), Paus was a philanthropist, art collector, and socialite who made a count and appointed a papal chamberlain. In his youth, he would often visit the playwright Henrik Ibsen, his father’s cousin, in Rome.

Having converted to Catholicism, Paus was made a Privy Chamberlain of the Sword and Cape by Benedict XV and served Pius XI and Pius XII in the same capacity. Pius XI made him a count in 1923 and he divided his time between Rome and his numerous properties around Scandinavia.

He donated his collection of Greek and Roman art — the largest in the Nordic countries — to the National Gallery of Norway in 1918. A Knight of Malta and of the Constantinian Order, he received numerous honours from the Papacy and from Scandinavian monarchs.

Ven. Karl Schilling
1835—1907
Baptised a Lutheran, Schilling drifted into atheism but was received into the Church when he was 19 and an art student in Düsseldorf. He devoted more and more of his time to charitable works, and eventually gave up painting altogether.

In his 41st year he was ordained a priest for the Clerics Regular of St Paul (the Barnabite order) and became renowned for his sanctity. Following his death in 1907 pilgrims began flocking to his grave, and in 1936 his remains were moved into the Barnabite church of Mouscron.

This post was published on Monday, August 12th, 2013 4:00 pm. It has been categorised under Church and been tagged under , , .
Comments
  1. 12 August 2013
    9:02 pm

    Ah, my dear old friend, Fr Ole Martin Stamnestro.

  2. 22 August 2013
    8:13 pm

    What is remarkable is how many of these are converts. There has been a popular fable for many decades that “Until recently, Norway had no Catholics.” Sure, unless you count the 99.99% of Norwegians who lived there till the 16th century. But more pertinently, a goodly percentage actually survived the ‘Reformation’ and remained in place until the 19th century, when many or most came to America. The reason you don’t hear more about them is that Norway had a very small population so even a hefty chunk of them might be only a few thousand, easily swamped in the population tides from other origins.

    My great-uncle’s father was a Catholic from Norway. He settled in Florida in the late 1800s (he was in shipping, naturally). In some parts of this country (notably the northern Midwest and formerly Bay Ridge, Brooklyn) Norwegian-descent Catholics are not at all thin on the ground.

  3. Rev James E. Townsend
    23 August 2013
    12:24 am

    As a Lutheran born and bred, I naturally believe one must follow one’s conscience in matters of the spirit, as Luther himself insisted. These aforementioned folks obviously have (had) temperamental needs which the Roman discipline fulfills (fulfilled). However, most Norwegians appreciate the Christian freedom that has always been the mark of the Lutheran Church to which, even now in 2013, the monarch must belong as must at least half of the parliament. In Xto per pedes Apostolorum, James Townsend, Lutheran minister, retired

  4. 26 August 2013
    7:46 pm

    “Christian freedom” to do what, precisely? Not to be a non-Lutheran, it seems.

  5. Valeria Kondratiev
    28 August 2013
    8:37 pm

    Thankyou for posting these biographies of such interesting people, and, yes, mostly converts. This conversion rate gives one hope for the northern countries, as well as the rest of Europe, which seemed so de Christianized.

  6. Mar
    29 August 2013
    11:36 am

    How is it possible in the same breath to speak of “Christian freedom that has always been the mark of the Lutheran Church” and “the Lutheran Church to which, even now in 2013, the monarch must belong as must at least half of the parliament”? If there is freedom then why must there be a “must”?

  7. Steve MacDonald
    30 August 2013
    5:34 pm

    Thanks for an interesting post. Having enjoyed Kristin Lavransdatter as a very Catholic work, I found it interesting to learn that she converted after completing it.

  8. 4 September 2013
    2:05 pm

    Very interesting list.

    I have to wonder if Norway, Sweden and perhaps even Iceland aren’t hidden yet fertile ground for the Catholic re-evangelization of Europe. For serious Christians in the region, the slow decline of Protestantism and the impact of materialization must be very fresh in mind. For those who explore their faith, the official state religion of Lutheranism leads directly back to Catholicism, as Lutheranism fades in increasingly away.

  9. 7 October 2013
    9:06 pm

    It does seem rather odd to combine “Christian freedom” (in the sense of “following one’s conscience in matters of the spirit”) and political obligations to religion in one sentence. Perhaps “Rev. Townsend” is a satirist only pretending to be a retired Lutheran minister.

  10. Tom Dinges
    15 October 2013
    2:00 am

    My mother read Kristinlavandatter in the 1930′s. I am 86 and have her copy. I bought the recent version in three volumes and am reading it now. Very powerful and most relevant in our century as well as the Fourteenth Ceentury. Undset was a most insightful writer.

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